IR and the Near (Immediate) Future Tense

¡HOLA A TODOS!

¡Bienvenido Year 9! I hope you are all well. This page will be updated weekly with skills, top tips, culture, vocabulary and grammar to support your learning. Everything uploaded is aimed at putting you in the best position to succeed in your GCSE’s. We also hope to inspire you with a bit of fun and culture too! It’s been lovely to hear about some of the work that you’ve been doing so far. Remember to email us with your work and ideas at mflwordpress@clf.uk.

Last week we looked at two key irregular verbs in the present tense: ‘jugar – to play’ and ‘hacer – to do’. Hopefully you found the videos helpful and had a go at the tasks on the worksheet. This week we will be looking at another irregular verb ‘ir – to go’ and how it is used to form immediate (near) future tense. Knowing how to use a range of tenses is so important as a foundation for your Spanish learning.

We conjugate “ir” as shown below. It’s a great idea to learn this verb by heart – maybe you could come up with your own song to help you remember the verb conjugation?

Check out the video and grammar rules below; they are a great explanation of the near/immediate future tense in Spanish. Once you have a good understanding, complete the accompanying worksheets below. You can send your work to your class teacher via email to be marked 🙂

The Rules: Immediate future and its formation

The immediate future tense is the most common way of talking about future plans. It is formed with the present tense of ir (to go), followed by a + the infinitive.

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Near Future Tense Grammar Rules

Task: Create your own mind map of key Spanish infinitives you think would be useful to you (e.g. bailar, comer, vivir). Remember, in Spanish these verb forms will always end in “ar”, “er” or “ir”. You can use http://www.wordreference.com as we demonstrated in the first blog if there are any you would like to look up.

Once you have created your mind map make some future tense phrases as shown in the video. Remember you need the part of ir + a + an infinitive. Also write the translation in English. An example might be – Voy a ir al cine con mis amigos or vamos a comer en un restaurante. It would be great to see you extending your phrases too with extra details, time expressions and opinions. Remember ‘it will be’ in Spanish = será! To the right there are some time expressions you could use to expand your sentences.

Please send your mindmaps and sentences to mflwordpress@clf.uk or to your class teacher via email. We would love to feature some on our next blog post!

Bromas del día – Jokes of the day

Why is this maths book sad?
Because it has a lot of problems
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La cultura española

Last week we learnt about another one of the most famous tourist attractions in Barcelona, Spain called Parc Güell which was designed by well-known architect Antoni Gaudí. This week we are going to take a trip to another famous city in Spain called Granada and learn about one of the world’s most famous attractions known as The Alhambra.

History: The word ‘Alhambra’ is a short form of the word ‘Calat Alhambra’ which is the name given to a palace and fortress complex located in Granada, Andalusia, Spain. The palace started off as a small fortress that was built in 899. After years of neglect, the Moorish king of Grenada renovated it in the 11th century. The fortress was to later be converted into a royal palace in the 1333 century by Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada. Check out some more interesting facts about the palace below.

Guided Tour of the Alhambra from Malaga - Málaga, Spain | GetYourGuide
View of Alhambra

Did you know?

1) The origin of its name is still debated

Even though the name of the Alhambra, (in Arabic “al-Qal’a Al-Hamrā” – the red fortress) seems straightforward, there is nonetheless a real debate as to its origin. According to some authors, the castle wall was formerly immaculate white due to its regular whitewashing, and not scarlet red. The name possibly originated from the dancing reddish glow cast on the palace walls by the torches that were used to provide illumination while work was carried out at night. A more amusing theory is that it refers to the beard of the founder of the Alhambra, Emir Mohammed ben Nasr. His red hair, which gave rise to his nickname al-ahmar (the red), may have influenced the name of the city.

2) The Alhambra came very close to being awarded “a new wonder of the world” status

In 2007, a popular vote designated the seven new wonders of the modern world. The competition refers to the extraordinary ancient monuments listed by the Greek historian Herodotus in the fifth century BC. The Alhambra made the short-list of finalists but was unfortunately not selected.

3) The Generalife, a piece of paradise on earth

The Generalife, the summer palace of the Nasrid princes, is one of Granada‘s most beautiful buildings. Its magnificent gardens seem like an oasis in time, where the murmur of water is in harmony with the beauty of the architecture and the scented plants found there.The name, which comes from the Arabic Jannat-al-Arif, means the architect’s garden. A name perfectly suited to the spiritual thinking of the Nasrid aristocrats, based on the sweetness of life. The original idea was to recreate on Earth a place resembling paradise, the image of heaven being closely related to the concept of garden in the Muslim culture.

El Generalife - La Alhambra | Fran Santiago | Flickr
The Generalife

4. The Palace was strategically located on the hill to give view of the whole expanse of the city of Granada as well as the meadow.

Spain: Granada, Alhambra view from Sacromonte | The Alhambra… | Flickr
View of Alhambra and Granada

6) Gardens and Common Myrtle

If the gardens of the Alhambra contain a large number of different plants, the most emblematic remains the Common Myrtle, a small shrub that can live nearly 300 years. Also known as arrayan (from the Arabic al-rayhan meaning “aromatic”), this Mediterranean essence permeates the area with a soothing scent.

Common Myrtle in the gardens

Click here for more pictures and information about the palace: https://kids.kiddle.co/Alhambra

Want to take a virtual tour of the different areas of The Alhambra? Click here: https://www.alhambradegranada.org/en/info/charlesvpalaceandsurroundingareas.asp

We would love to see what you have been able to create so please email us with photos at mflwordpress@clf.uk

Vale chicos y chicas… We hope you’ve enjoyed today’s lesson.

¡Hasta luego!