Issues of Good and Evil: Introduction

What concerns the origins and nature of good and evil?

Hello all, and welcome to the first session of Good and Evil. In this unit you will consider philosophical questions concerning the origins and nature of good and evil. Over this unit we will cover causes of crime, attitudes towards the aims of punishment and the treatment of criminals. As in all units, you will be expected to make relevant references to scripture and other sources of authority.

  • To introduce the topics within this unit.
  • To understand the unit key concepts.
  • To consider religious and ethical responses.
  • Method to record learning – word document or pen and paper
  • Keep a log of work and send a copy to your teacher via e-mail if possible, if not hold on to until you see your teacher in person. (It should take 30-60 mins).
  • Additionally you can mail work to:


Task 1
Overall this unit fits into the larger: Religious, Philosophical and Ethical Studies in the Modern World. There are three areas of study in this unit.

* Crime and Punishment
* Forgiveness
* Good, Evil and Suffering

Start by writing these bullet points out as subtitles and brain dump what you know within these areas of study. This is a crucial first step to develop your learning from. It is always comfortable to sit with what you know – this provides your baseline to push from here.

Task 2
In each unit there are eight concepts that you will explore in further posts. These eight concepts also make up the two mark questions in the exam. Define each of the following in your own words:

* good/evil
* forgiveness
* free will
* justice
* morality
* punishment
* sin
* suffering

Support: Eduqas textbook (link at bottom of post pages 340-343)

Task 3

Using the videos below, explain the difference between absolute and relative (consequential) morality. This is an underpinning idea in this unit and can be applied throughout.


In summary the terminology in this post provides the cornerstone of understanding for this unit. The eight concepts are the only terms you can be asked about in the opening exam question. The difference between absolute and relative morality can be a lead into explore many of this units areas of study.

Extras: Test yourself – use the following exam board supported website – Seneca, to assess your understanding on this topic.

Exam Question

What is meant by ‘morality’? 2 marks (A type question)
What is meant by ‘sin’? 2 marks (A type question)
What is meant by justice? 2 marks (A type question)

REMEMBER: Identify the meaning of a term and either develop the term or provide an example.