Memory (Key Concepts)

By the end of the lesson you will be able to:

  1. Describe the different stages of information processing
  2. Describe the different types of forgetting
  3. Explain what retrograde amnesia is and how the hippocampus is involved
  4. Explain what retrograde amnesia is and how the frontal lob is involved
  5. Explain what procedural memory is and its relationship with amnesia

For this lesson you will need:

  • Your exercise book
  • Your exam question booklet
  • Your textbook (pages 121-124)

Information Processing

Which stage involves data entering into the memory?

Storage

Which stage involves searching for and accessing the data

Retrieval

During the output stage we do what with the data

Use it (sing, write, move etc)

Types of forgetting

When information fades over time it is called

Decay

When older information is pushed out by new information it is called

Displacement

A lack of cues can cause this type of failure

Retrieval

The role of the hippocampus on anterograde amnesia

Where are new memories formed?

Hippocampus

Severe memory loss of things learned before the neurological damage is called…

Retrograde Amnesia

Procedural memory is stored in this part of the brain?

Cerebellum

The role of the frontal lobe on retrograde amnesia

What is the frontal lobe responsible for?

planning, organising and making judgements

People with retrograde amnesia have problems with…

Recalling memories from the long term memory

Which other disease does frontal lobe have links to?

Alzheimer’s

The role of the cerebellum on procedural memory

Procedural memory is concerned with which sort of skills?

Motor skills (Eating, riding a bike, playing piano)

The cerebellum is associated with which brain functions?

movement and coordination

Why does amnesia rarely affect procedural memory?

They are stored in a part of the brain not usually affected

Well done, you have completed the lesson.
You can practice even more with the documents below.

Ready to move on ?

Can you do what we set out to do?

1. Describe the different stages of information processing
2. Describe the different types of forgetting
3. Explain what retrograde amnesia is and how the hippocampus is involved
4. Explain what retrograde amnesia is and how the frontal lob is involved
5. Explain what procedural memory is and its relationship with amnesia

Revisit any parts of the lesson you are not sure about before moving on to the next topic