Changing Economic World 10

Introduction – Today’s learning is about tourism and how this can help to reduce the development gap.

Task 1 – Tourism and the development gap

Tourism can provide increased income as there will be more money entering the country. Countries like Kenya are using tourism to reduce the development gap. In 2018 there 1.4 billion tourist worldwide, who spent $1.7 trillion. This shows tourism can lead to economic growth and development, driving the creation of more and better jobs and serving as catalyst for innovation and entrepreneurship. In short, tourism is helping build better lives for millions of individuals and transforming whole communities

Using the information above

➊ In your own words, describe how tourism can help reduce the development gap
➋ Describe the trend in arrivals (numbers) of tourists and receipts (money earned from tourism)

Task 2 – The multiplier effect and tourism

Tourism not only creates jobs in the service sector, it also encourages growth in the primary and secondary sectors of industry. This is known as the multiplier effect which in its simplest form is how many times money spent by a tourist circulates through a country’s economy.

Money spent in a hotel helps to create jobs directly in the hotel, but it also creates jobs indirectly elsewhere in the economy. The hotel, for example, has to buy food from local farmers, who may spend some of this money on fertiliser or clothes. The demand for local products increases as tourists often buy souvenirs, which increases secondary employment.

Read the information and use the multiplier effect diagram to help answer these questions

➌ Make your own copy of the multiplier effect flow chart
➍ Explain how the multiplier effect and tourism can lead to reduction in poverty in a location
➎ Would tourism lead to an improvement in quality of live for everyone? What issues might there be?

Task 3 – Kenya and Tourism – a casestudy

Over the last few decades, tourism has helped raise the level of development across Kenya and reduce the development gap

Download the case study summary below or create your own. Work through the information and complete each section. The sections are numbered to help match to the information

1)Why do people want to visit Kenya?

Complete section 1 using the information below and the video from the Kenyan Tourist Board

Kenya attracts tourists because of it’s tribal culture, safari wildlife, warm climate and beautiful scenery.


2)Who benefits from tourism in Kenya? (and section 3 and 4)

Complete section 2 using the information below, also consider the advantages and disadvantages

5) What impact has tourism had on Kenya’s development gap?

Complete section 5 using the information below, also consider the advantages and disadvantages

6) Is tourism a sustainable development strategy for Kenya?
Using the explanation of sustainable tourism below – consider whether tourism in Kenya is sustainable.
Extension – Click the button below to explore more about ways tourism in Kenya can be sustainable

When it comes to sustainability, there are actually three pillars to consider: environmental, economic, and socio-cultural. Tourism has to be sustainable in all three areas to truly be considered “sustainable” tourism. A mixture of these three areas often sees tourism play a positive role in uplifting communities, and helps to avoid the negative impacts that can arise from tourism such as environmental degradation and cultural inappropriateness.

Task 4 – Test your understanding
“Evaluate the effectiveness of tourism in helping to reduce the development gap in an low income country (LIC) or newly emerging economy (NEE) you have studied.”
●Give the positives of tourism to Kenya’s economy
●Give the negatives of tourism to Kenya
●Give your opinion – reach a conclusion

Task 5 – Extension
Click the button below to read understand the future of tourism in post pandemic world.

Some content taken from AQA GCSE (9-1) Geography, Hodder Education, John Widdowson, Rebecca Blackshaw, Merly King, Simon Oakes, Sarah Wheeler, Michael Witherick. With thanks to @Geo_Jo26 and The Geographical Association for resources