Asia 8

Lesson 8 – How much influence does China have on Asia?

Watch the introduction video below with a welcome from Mr Littlejohns at HWA who will be leading these lessons

Recap the key words for this unit
GDP – Gross Domestic Product – The Gross Domestic Product measures the value of economic activity within a country. Per capita – Divided by the number of people in a country (average per person)
Poverty – The state of being extremely poor. Limited access to food, water, quality housing, education etc
Upper Middle Income Countries –   those with a GDP per capita between $3,956 and $12,235
Income inequality –  is the extent to which income is distributed unevenly in a group of people. Large difference between rich and poor.

Task 1 – Copy down the definitions above

China – development over time

Key points about China’s development

  • China allowed trade with the wider world from 1978
  • GDP growth has averaged approximately 10% per year (currently around 6%). To compare UK’s growth rate is usually between 1-2%
  • China is classed as an upper middle income country
  • It is now the 2nd largest economy across the world (behind the USA)
  • 373 million people still live in poverty
  • There is large income inequality
  • It’s per capita income is only a 1/4 compared to HICs

Task 2 – Read the bullet point list above. What evidence is there that China has developed (improved) over time? Why is China not classed as a LIC? What evidence is there China still needs to develop? Why is it not classed as a HIC? Summarise your ideas in 3-4 sentences.

How has China developed?

Task 3 – Watch the video below that explains how China became the 2nd largest economy. Answer the questions below.

Watch the video and attempt the questions. Click the arrow to reveal the answers once you answered the questions
1) What was China like in 1970?
2) What happened in 1978?
3) What could farmers do?
4) What did the economic zones allow to happen?
  1. Generally poor – Most people lived in rural areas. 30% of the population lived in poverty
  2. In 1978 major economic changes took place that started to help China to develop
  3. Farmers were allowed to start selling crops, trade began – people started to make an income
  4. The special econmic zones ( mainly along the coastline) allowed foreign companies to invest in China. Factories were built and companies took advatnage of the cheap and large labour (work) force

There were a range of other reasons why China was able to rapidly develop as well. Have a look at the range of factors below.

Task 4 – Read each of the factors above. As a geographer it is important to be be able to prioritise or order factors in terms of importance. Which two factors do you think were the most important? Why? Which factor was the least important? Why? Explain your choices by writing a paragraph.

The Belt and Road initiative

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI, or B&R) is a global development strategy adopted by the Chinese government in 2013 involving infrastructure development and investments in nearly 70 countries and international organisations. Look at the map below.

Task 5 –
Describe the location of the land (blue) and maritime (purple) routes. Why do you think China wants to create links to these locations? Why would it want to invest here?

Task 6 – Watch the video above. As you watch make notes – what are the advantages for china? Why might other countries have concerns? Summarise you views in a paragraph. The table below may also help with some of your ideas.

Some activities and images used have been resourced from Progress in Geography Key Stage 3, David Gardner, Jo Coles, Eleanor Hopkins, John Lyon, Catherine Owen. Published by Hodder Education.