Lesson 7 – Why is urbanisation happening in Asia – Part 2?
⚫Watch the introduction video below with a welcome from Mr Littlejohns at HWA who will be leading these lessons
Urbanisation in Asia
Recap the key words for this unit
Urbanisation – an increasing percentage of a country’s population moving from the countryside to towns and cities
Slum – Poor area of a city that is overcrowded and often lacking in basic services such as water and electricity
Push Factor – Makes someone want to leave an area
Pull Factor – Attracts someone to a new location
Task 1 – Copy down the definitions above
What is Bangalore like?
Bangalore (officially called Bengaluru) is the capital city of the state of Karnataka in India. Bangalore is known as the fastest-growing city in India and India’s “Silicon Valley.” The rapid growth of Information Technology (IT) and business process outsourcing (BPO) has marked the city with the global economy. With massive growth comes a downside: one-fifth of Bangalore’s population lives in slums. Click the button below to watch a video of two students exploring Bangalore.
Task 2 – Watch the video. Describe Banglarore – What do you think the city is like? What are the challenges (problems) facing residents? What are the opportunities (positives)? Write 3-4 sentences on your initial thoughts on Bangalore.
Slums in Bangalore
In 2017, Bangalore had an estimated population of 12.34 million and nearly 25 percent of this population live in slum areas. A rapid shortage of housing and increased demand for manpower (workers) in the city has led to the growth and emergence of slums in Bangalore.
•2.2 million people, live in slums
•The number of slums in Bangalore has grown from 159 in 1971, to over 2000 slums in 2015.
•about one-third of slum dwellers fall below the poverty line, with a monthly income of less than $55.
▪The average household size in the slums of Bangalore is five
Task 3 – Read the information below which outlines 5 problems a team of journalists found when they visited the slums in Bangalore. Which is the worst problem? Why? Explain your point of view.
Access to water
Bangalore like many other cities with slum settlements has serious issues with access to clean water. Accessing safe drinking water is a daily problem for a large number of residents.
Task 4 – Click the link below to watch the video clip showing one family’s struggle to find water. Answer the questions. Click the arrow to check the answers once you have attempted them.
Watch the video and then attempt the questions, click the arrow to see the answers once you watch the video and answered the questions.
1) What % of Bangalore’s population don’t have access to piped water?
2) What sometimes doesn’t the family have access to?
3) What was Bangalore once known as?
4) What has happened to the river and lakes?
5) What 4 options do people have to access clean water?
6) What will happen in the future if nothing happens to improve water access?
- The “City of Lakes”
- Dried up due to the growth of the city and pollution
- 1 – Buy from a tanker, 2 – Buy from a water ATM, 3 – Kindness of strangers, 4 – Collect it from wherever it can be found.
- Access to water will get worse if the population continues to increase.
Is it all bad news?
Many migrants and residents of Bangalore who are educated can access well paid jobs in the IT and business sector. They can earn high wages and enjoy the benefits of living in a rapidly growing city.
For most though apart from jobs in the construction industry income maybe limited. There are however initiatives to try and improve the life for Bangalore’s poorer population.
- Urban Ultra Poor Program – aim to tackle urban poverty through a holistic approach. Livelihood is the backbone of our programme, through which we ensure that the people being supported are able to earn a steady income
2. Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme – Aims to provided adequate housing that is affordable and improve the amenities within an area
3. The Karnataka Slum Development Board (KSDB) has succeeded in constructing around 70,000 dwellings for slum-dwellers across the state and 5,000 shelters for people living in slums in Bangalore.
The main objective of the Board is to provide basic amenities to the slum residents and to provide shelter to the needy people in the slums. To improve their standard of living by combining existing facilities, various schemes are being implemented for providing training and up skilling (education) to people. Activities are undertaken to improve health, hygiene, education and improve the income generation through capacity building, providing community development facilities by involving charities.
Task 5 –
1) Read through the information on each project and summarise how it help the people within the slums of Bangalore
2) Which project will have the largest positive impact on people? How will it improve their lives? What problems will it solve?
Some activities and images used have been resourced from Progress in Geography Key Stage 3, David Gardner, Jo Coles, Eleanor Hopkins, John Lyon, Catherine Owen. Published by Hodder Education.