Asia 6

Lesson 6 – Why is urbanisation happening in Asia?

Watch the introduction video below with a welcome from Mr Littlejohns at HWA who will be leading these lessons

Introduction to Urbanisation

Urbanisation in Asia

Urbanisation – an increasing percentage of a country’s population moving from the countryside to towns and cities

Task 1 – Copy down the definition of urbanisation above

The map below shows the growth of cities across Asia, mainly focusing on China, India and Japan. The colours represent when the growth of the city took place. See the key below. The circle size represents the population size of that city.

Task 2 – Study the map above and and answer the questions below.
Extension – Explore the growth of cities yourself. Compare different continents and regions.. What patterns do you notice?

Questions – Answer the questions – Click the arrow once you have attempted them to see the answers
1) When did most growth take place in Japenese cities?
2) What does this mean for the future in Japanese cities?
3) What similarity is there between Chinese and Indian cities?
4) What does this mean for these cities in the future?
  1. Most growth in Japanese cities took place between 1950 and 1990 – There is more darker blue in the circles.
  2. These cities are already very large, growth in the future is going to be small. Most people are living in cities.
  3. The similarity between Chinese and Indian cities is that their growth has been more recent (lighter blue colours)
  4. These cities are predicted to continue to grow in the future and get larger.

India’s Urban Population – Bangalore

India, which is widely expected to be the most populous country in the world with more than 1.5 billion people by 2050, has seen its urban population double in 30 years, to nearly 600 million. Its megacities, like Mumbai and Delhi, are not expected to grow much more; instead, smaller cities are rapidly expanding. We are now going to study one of those cities in more detail, Bangalore or sometimes known as Bengaluru.

Task 3 – Study the graph and and answer the questions below.

Population growth in Bangalore
Questions – Answer the questions – Click the arrow once you have attempted them to see the answers
1) What was the population of Bangalore in 1950
2) By 2015 how much had the population grown by since 1950
3) What is going to happen to the population of Bangalore in the future
4) Write 2-3 sentences describing the growth of Bangalore’s population over time. Use all of the data above to help you.
  1. The population of Bangalore in 1950 was 0.7 million.
  2. The population increased by 9.4 million between 1950 and 2015
  3. The population going to continue to rise at a rapid rate. By 2035 the population is likely to be over 18 million.

Push and Pull Factors

Urbanisation is due to people leaving rural (countryside) areas and moving to urban (towns and cities). The reasons for people to make this change are called push and pull factors.
Push factors – Makes someone want to leave an area – negatives or problems
Pull factors – Makes someone be attracted to an area – positives or advantages

The state of Karnataka found in South West Indian has extremely high rates of urbanisation (people moving to the city). People leave the rural area and are attracted to cities such as Bangalore. They face a number of issues within these rural location, these are the push factors.

Task 4 – Study the image below and summarise the problems people may face in rural Karnataka. What would life be like here? What issues would they face? Why might people want to move to the city?

Bangalore is a vibrant city with lots of opportunities especially due to its growing IT sector. Bangalore is sometimes referred to as the “Silicon Valley of India” (or “IT capital of India”) because of its role as the nation’s leading information technology (IT) exporter. Bangalore has one of the most highly educated work-forces in the world. It is home to many educational and research institutions. For these reasons people are attracted to the city – pull factors.

Task 5 – Study the image below and summarise the opportunities people would have in Bangalore. What would life be like here? What advantages would they have compared to rural areas? Why might people want to move to the city?

Some activities and images used have been resourced from Progress in Geography Key Stage 3, David Gardner, Jo Coles, Eleanor Hopkins, John Lyon, Catherine Owen. Published by Hodder Education.